Welcome to the Grand Comics Database!
We're a nonprofit, Internet-based organization of international volunteers dedicated to building a database covering all printed comics throughout the world, and we're glad you're here! Give our search form a try, or take a look at the menu to the left to see how you can help us improve the site.
New Search!Our new search server is now working again. We used the downtime for further improvements on its setup. For example we added more sorting options or rearranged the search index so that a search for "X-Men 12" (with quotes) now finds all issues which series name ends in X-Men and whose issue number is 12.
The new search behaves similar to a google or bing search, it searches the content of most of our data and allows easy combination of different search terms in the different data fields. If you think the results are not what you would expect please use one of the contact points on the left or join our mailing lists to share your comments, ask questions or provide suggestions. We can't do this without volunteers like you.
GCD Convention SceneThe GCD has been celebrating our 20th Anniversary with comic convention appearances. Join our volunteers at the Baltimore Comic-Con Baltimore, MD (5-7 September).
We also have members wearing their t-shirts and handing out flyers at a few more shows across the US and Europe. Check out our Facebook Events Page for a full list, and let us know which show we will see you at.
475,000 covers uploaded!
Check out the cover which is from Una Criada Estupenda #15 (Editorial Novaro, 1968 Series), a series from Mexico.
Take a look at our international statistics to see what else the GCD's been up to.
New GCD LogoWe have a new logo to help mark our 20th Anniversary! It is our first major design change since 1999 and will be seen on our t-shirts and convention gear throughout the year. We would like to thank Brian Saner Lamken for submitting his winning design and HippieBoy Design for applying those finishing touches. We hope you like it as much as we do!
GCD Comics Timeline
Sprouse launched his career in mainstream comics in 1989, his first credited work being a Chemical King story in Secret Origins #47 (Feb. 1990). His next assignments were a Two-Face story for Batman Annual #14 and the Hammerlocke limited series. He drew insert posters for the War of the Gods limited series in 1991. Following that, Sprouse drew the Legionnaires series featuring teenaged versions of the Legion of Super-Heroes. He later illustrated a number of one-shots and fill-in issues before illustrating a Star Wars mini-series, Splinter of the Mind's Eye, for Dark Horse Comics.
He then worked for Extreme Studios as the regular penciller of New Men, and in 1997, Sprouse drew several issues of Supreme, scripted by Alan Moore for the same publisher. After Supreme ended, a year later he and Moore created Tom Strong for America's Best Comics, for which Sprouse won two Eisner Awards in 2000, for Best Single Issue and Best Serialized Story.
Sprouse was the penciller and co-creator on the 2004 Ocean mini-series, written by Warren Ellis and published by DC Comics. In 2007, Ocean was optioned for film. In 2006, he began pencilling Wildstorm's Midnighter ongoing series, a spin-off of The Authority. He was the artist on the first issue of Batman: The Return of Bruce Wayne with Grant Morrison as writer.
Sprouse made mainstream news headlines by dropping out of a Superman project by science fiction writer and anti-gay rights activist Orson Scott Card due to negative media attention. Sprouse then worked with writer Peter Hogan on the Tom Strong and the Planet of Peril limited series.
Chris Sprouse in the Grand Comics Database:
The comic first appeared on 30 July 1938, and was published weekly. During World War II, The Beano and The Dandy were published on alternating weeks because of paper and ink rationing. Paper and ink supplies were fully restored shortly after the end of hostilities and weekly publication of The Beano and The Dandy resumed in 1949. In September 2009, The Beano's 3,500th issue was published. The Beano is currently edited by Michael Stirling. Each issue is published on a Wednesday, with the issue date being that of the following Saturday.
Its iconic characters, such as Dennis the Menace, Minnie the Minx, The Bash Street Kids, The Numskulls, Roger the Dodger, Billy Whizz and Ball Boy, have become known to generations of British children. Earlier generations will remember other notable characters who have been phased out, such as Ivy the Terrible, Calamity James, The Three Bears and Pansy Potter. Some old characters, like Biffo the Bear, Lord Snooty, Baby Face Finlayson and Little Plum, have more recently made a return as "funsize" quarter-page strips.
The style of Beano humour has shifted noticeably over the years, though the longstanding tradition of anarchic humour has remained. For decades strips have appeared to glorify immoral behaviour, e.g. bullying (Dennis the Menace), dishonesty (Roger the Dodger) and even robbery (Baby Face Finlayson and The Three Bears). Although the readers' sympathies are assumed to be with the miscreants, the latter are very often shown punished for their actions. Recent years have seen a rise in humour involving gross bodily functions, especially flatulence (which would have been taboo in children's comics prior to the 1990s), while depictions of corporal punishment have declined.
The Beano Comic in the Grand Comics Database:
Simone has been noted as being one of the most influential women in the comic book industry.
A former hairdresser who had studied theater in college, Simone first came to fan attention through Women in Refrigerators, a website founded in 1999 by a small group of comics fans, including Simone, in response to a scene in Green Lantern #54, in which the titular hero's girlfriend, Alexandra DeWitt, was murdered and her corpse shoved in a refrigerator for the hero to find. The site was dedicated to identifying female superheroes who had been killed, raped, or otherwise suffered traumatic indignities as a plot device for a male character.
Women In Refrigerators is noted for raising awareness of the representation of women in comics. Simone stated that the blog was not to condemn the industry for its use of women, but raise awareness of the tendency for female characters to be used as mere as plot devices. Simone has stated that most female characters are targeted at male audiences, through oversexualization, and advocates the creation of female characters that are equals to male characters, a practice in which Simone herself has been recognized for engaging.
Gail Simone in the Grand Comics Database:
Robert Gigi began working in the art studio of Raymond Poïvet while he was a student at a university. He created his first comic in the year of 1948. He called himself Bob Gigi as an alias as a comic illustrator. He worked for the Paris-Graphic press agency that was also known as Fabiola. He also worked for the magazines L'Aurore and Les Aventuriers d'Aujourd'hui. He eventually joined the Société Parisienne d'Édition (SPE) in the year of 1951 and continued to stay in the publishing house until the year of 1980. When he was a part of the Société Parisienne d'Édition, his works were published in L'Épatant, Fillette, and Pschitt Adventures. He started a fantasy series in the year of 1970 that was called Agar. This series was published in Il Corrieri dei Ragazzi. In the 1980s, Robert Gigi began to work as a comics teacher at the School of Fine Arts in Angoulême. In the year of 1991, Gigi retired and began sculpting. After a long illness, Robert Gigi died in the year of 2007.
Robert Gigi in the Grand Comics Database:
The Rocketeer is a fictional character, a superhero created by writer-illustrator Dave Stevens. The character first appeared in 1982 and is a homage to the Saturday matinee serial heroes of the 1930s, 1940s and 1950s.
The Rocketeer is the secret identity of Cliff Secord, a stunt pilot who discovers a mysterious jetpack that allows him to fly. His adventures are set in 1938 Los Angeles and New York, and Stevens gives them a retro, nostalgic feel influenced by the King of the Rocket Men movie serial, the syndicated Commando Cody TV series (both from Republic Pictures), and pinup diva Bettie Page.
In 1991, The Rocketeer was released as a feature film by Walt Disney Pictures and was directed by Joe Johnston. Rocketeer creator Dave Stevens has a small cameo in the film as the German test pilot who dies when the Nazi version of a rocket backpack explodes during take-off, this a part of stolen, then smuggled black-and-white film footage of Nazi top secret rocket backpack testing.
The Rocketeer in the Grand Comics Database:
His first professional comic work was inking Russ Manning's pencils for the Tarzan newspaper comic strip and two European Tarzan graphic novels in 1975; he later assisted Manning on the Star Wars newspaper strip. He began doing occasional comic book work, including providing illustrations for fanzines.
Starting in 1977, he drew storyboards for Hanna-Barbera's animated TV shows, including Super Friends and The Godzilla Power Hour, where he worked with comics and animation veteran, Doug Wildey. For the rest of the decade, he continued to work in animation and film, joining the art studio of illustrators William Stout and Richard Hescox in Los Angeles, working on projects such as storyboards for George Lucas and Steven Spielberg's Raiders of the Lost Ark and pop singer Michael Jackson's video "Thriller".
Following The Rocketeer, Stevens worked primarily as an illustrator, doing a variety of ink and painted illustrations for book and comic book covers, posters, prints, portfolios, and private commissions, including a number of covers for Comico's Jonny Quest title and a series of eight covers for various Eclipse titles, which were also published in the form of large posters. Much of his illustrations were in the "good girl art" genre.
Dave Stevens in the Grand Comics Database:
Muth studied stone sculpture and shodō (書道) (brush calligraphy) in Japan; and studied painting, printmaking, and drawing in England, Austria, and Germany.
His works include J. M. DeMatteis' graphic novel Moonshadow, Grant Morrison's The Mystery Play, Neil Gaiman's The Sandman: The Wake with Michael Zulli and Charles Vess, Mike Carey's Lucifer: Nirvana and Swamp Thing: Roots. Muth has had an award-winning career as a children's book writer and illustrator. He explained that "A sense of joy is what moved me from comics to picture books. My work in children's books grew out of a desire to explore what I was feeling as a new father." He received a Gold Medal from the Society of Illustrators in 1999 for his illustrations in Come On, Rain! by Karen Hesse. Muth created a version of the stone soup fable set in China and illustrated cards for the Magic: The Gathering collectible card game.
Jon J. Muth in the Grand Comics Database:
Akin's first professional job was producing artwork for Larry Fuller's New Funny Book in 1978. Around this time he met Brian Garvey, who shortly joined Akin's small, San Francisco-based studio.
In 1982, Akin began his ten-year partnership with Garvey, inking for Marvel Comics on ROM Spaceknight #34 (Sept. 1982), over Sal Buscema's pencils. Akin & Garvey became the regular ROM inkers for almost two years, until 1984. During that time, they also provided the inks for the 1982 Marvel mini-series Vision and the Scarlet Witch. In 1984, the pair inked the four-issue mini-series Starriors and issue four of the mini-series The Transformers for Marvel. The pair inked issues #190–209 of Iron Man, as well as three years working on The Transformers.
In the mid-1980s, the pair branched out, producing work for DC Comics, where they worked on comics including Firestorm and The Warlord; Pacific Comics; and Savage Graphics, while continuing to produce covers and interior art for Marvel. Akin and Garvey worked for Continuity Comics between 1986 and 1992, on titles including Megalith, Ms. Mystic and Samuree.
Between 1994 and 1995, Akin produced covers for Disney Digest reprints, including for Darkwing Duck. He continued to produce work steadily for Marvel through the 1990s, notably as the regular inker on Marvel's Darkhawk from 1993–1995, and Professor Xavier and the X-Men from 1995–1997. He was a regular inker on the 1990s incarnation of What If..., but since the mid-1990s, Akin has no significant published credits.
Ian Akin in the Grand Comics Database:
On June 19, 1978, Garfield started syndication in 41 newspapers. Today it is syndicated in 2,580 newspapers and is read by approximately 300 million readers each day.
Davis has written (or in some cases co-written) all of the Emmy Award-winning or nominated Garfield TV specials and was one of the producers behind the Garfield & Friends TV show which aired on CBS from 1988 to 1994. Davis is the writer and executive producer of a trilogy of C.G.-direct-to-video feature films about Garfield, as well as one of the executive producers and the creator for the new CGI-animated TV series The Garfield Show. He continues to work on the strip.
Davis resides in Albany, Indiana, where he and his staff produce Garfield under his Paws, Inc. company, launched in 1981. Paws, Inc. employs nearly 50 artists and licensing administrators, who work with agents around the world managing Garfield's vast licensing, syndication and entertainment empire.
Garfield in the Grand Comics Database:
Jean Roba was born in Schaerbeek, Belgium. In his youth, he was a reader of French magazines like Robinson and Mickey, which featured mainly American comics. One of those that was especially influential on Roba was Katzenjammer Kids. After working as an illustrator for different magazines and publicity agencies, he started to work as an illustrator for Spirou magazine in 1957, where he made small cartoons for the front page for a few years. He also worked on Bonnes Soirées, another magazine from the same publisher Dupuis, where he continued the series Sa majesté mon mari after Albert Uderzo stopped. For Spirou, he made a few short stories with Yvan Delporte and collaborated on different stories of Spirou et Fantasio with André Franquin, who taught him the basics of making comics, before starting his own main series Boule et Bill in 1959, initially with stories by Maurice Rosy. Next to this series of mainly one-page comics, he started in 1962 La Ribambelle about a group of kids from various countries and racial backgrounds.
Roba was both an artist and an author, and wrote most of his own gags for Boule et Bill, while others contributed stories for La Ribambelle. He handed over the drawing of Boule et Bill to Laurent Verron after more than 1000 pages. His work has been translated in fourteen languages and has sold in excess of 25 million copies. He lived in Jette from 1951 until his death in Brussels in 2006.
In 2005, he was voted number 100 in the election for Le plus grand Belge (The Greatest Belgian).
Jean Roba in the Grand Comics Database:
1 million English storiesWhile our international content is steadily growing, we reached for English language stories an even big number: 1 million story sequences!
100,000 Norwegian storiesNorwegian is the second language to reach 100,000 stories!
Take a look at our international statistics to see what else the GCD's been up to.
New Features for BrandsWe recently deployed changes in our handling of brands. Like before we store for each issue which emblem of a brand is used. New is the grouping of different emblems together into one brand group. For example, see the brand group for DC, which collects all the different emblems used over time by DC.
Publisher's Age GuidelinesAt the same time we also introduced a new field recording any age designations or ratings that are supplied by the publisher on a comic.
How to help ?There are several ways in which you can help us to improve our site and its content.
- You can provide missing data, update existing data, or upload cover scans. Just register an account with us, and you can start contributing.
- Donate for our ongoing costs, e.g. the server infrastructure. We are a non-profit organization and any funds will be used for our goal of documenting and indexing all comics.
- We need volunteer web designers and programmers! Please contact the
gcd-tech group or visit our technical documentation if you
can help with any of these roles:
- Python / Django programming
- Elasticsearch search server together with Haystack
- Web Services API
- Database Performance (MySQL)
3,971 indicia publishers
35,909 variant issues
200,459 issue indexes