Welcome to the Grand Comics Database!
We're a nonprofit, Internet-based organization of international volunteers dedicated to building a database covering all printed comics throughout the world, and we're glad you're here! Give our search form a try, or take a look at the menu to the left to see how you can help us improve the site.
New Search!Our new search server is now working again. We used the downtime for further improvements on its setup. For example we added more sorting options or rearranged the search index so that a search for "X-Men 12" (with quotes) now finds all issues which series name ends in X-Men and whose issue number is 12.
The new search behaves similar to a google or bing search, it searches the content of most of our data and allows easy combination of different search terms in the different data fields. If you think the results are not what you would expect please use one of the contact points on the left or join our mailing lists to share your comments, ask questions or provide suggestions. We can't do this without volunteers like you.
GCD Convention SceneThe GCD has been celebrating our 20th Anniversary with comic convention appearances. Join our volunteers at the Baltimore Comic-Con Baltimore, MD (5-7 September).
We also have members wearing their t-shirts and handing out flyers at a few more shows across the US and Europe. Check out our Facebook Events Page for a full list, and let us know which show we will see you at.
475,000 covers uploaded!
Check out the cover which is from Una Criada Estupenda #15 (Editorial Novaro, 1968 Series), a series from Mexico.
Take a look at our international statistics to see what else the GCD's been up to.
New GCD LogoWe have a new logo to help mark our 20th Anniversary! It is our first major design change since 1999 and will be seen on our t-shirts and convention gear throughout the year. We would like to thank Brian Saner Lamken for submitting his winning design and HippieBoy Design for applying those finishing touches. We hope you like it as much as we do!
GCD Comics Timeline
What If, sometimes rendered as What If...?, is a comic book from Marvel Comics which was published in nine series (volumes). The narrative thread of each series is based on an alternative situation to the one established in the mainstream continuity. The characters and events in each series are treated as being independent from the mainstream continuity of the Marvel Universe.
From July 1989 to November 1998, Marvel published 114 monthly What If issues. The second series revisited and revised ideas from Volume 1. In Volume 2, stories could span multiple issues (the Volume 1 stories were contained within a single issue). Also, sometimes, the Volume 2 stories would offer multiple plots and endings. The reader could decide which to adopt. For example, in What If the War Machine Had Not Destroyed the Living Laser?, three endings were offered. The humorous aspect of Volume 1 was retained through Volume 2 culminating in issue #34, What If No One Was Watching the Watcher? which was humorous throughout.
The What if format became well known. By issue #87, direct reference to the plot divergence was not required. Instead, the issue cover art closely, but not exactly, resembled the corresponding mainstream story. The What if logo was enough to denote its "alternate universe" status. In issue #105, What If introduced Spider-Girl. The new character was popular enough for a spin off series. From this, the MC2 line of publications were developed.
What If...? Volume 2 in the Grand Comics Database:
Action Comics in the Grand Comics Database:
Among his works from the 1980s are Bingo Bongo et son Combo Congolais, a series about aspiring novelist Bingo B. Bongo and his travails; and Ray Banana, a film noir pastiche. Some of these were published in English in Heavy Metal.
He has illustrated two books in the Blake and Mortimer series, both written by Jean Van Hamme: The Francis Blake Affair, 1996; and The Strange Encounter, 2001.
Ted Benoit in the Grand Comics Database:
Of when he first saw Wilson's work (in about 1968) Robert Crumb said, "the content was something like I'd never seen before, anywhere, the level of mayhem, violence, dismemberment, naked women, loose body parts, huge, obscene sex organs, a nightmare vision of hell-on-earth never so graphically illustrated before in the history of art." And "suddenly my own work seemed insipid...."
In California, Wilson met up with Charles Plymell, who was publishing Robert Crumb's Zap Comix. Wilson needed little persuasion to contribute to Zap.
According to Plymell (an editor of Grist magazine), Wilson's first published work was in 1966 in Grist #7 and then in Grist #9, also from that same year.
Wilson began collaborating with Robert Crumb in late 1967, and all issues of Zap comix, starting with 2, contain his work and that of others who joined them later.
He astonished and sometimes frightened his fellow cartoonists, though they saw it as pushing if not eviscerating the boundaries of taste. More than anyone, Wilson defined the boundaries of the medium.
S. Clay Wilson in the Grand Comics Database:
Born in Kennett, Missouri, he got his start as a sports cartoonist for the Tampa Daily Times. While playing golf in the area, Barney Google creator Billy DeBeck noticed Lasswell's work and hired the 17-year-old as an assistant. Lasswell worked closely with DeBeck for the next 18 years. DeBeck and Lasswell changed the focus of the urban-oriented strip when they introduced Google's hillbilly cousin Snuffy Smith in 1934.
After DeBeck's death from cancer in 1942, Lasswell took over Barney Google and Snuffy Smith. Under Lasswell's tenure, Barney was gradually phased out (although he did reappear occasionally), and the strip's emphasis shifted to Snuffy Smith and his rural setting. Lasswell also introduced his own characters, including Elviney Barlow, Parson Tuttle and Ol' Doc Pritchart.
Lasswell received the National Cartoonists Society Humor Comic Strip Award in 1963 and its Reuben Award, which had originally been named after DeBeck, that same year. He also received their Elzie Segar Award in 1984 and 1994.
Snuffy Smith in the Grand Comics Database:
He worked as an editor for Comics Scene and Starlog Press until 1984, when he joined DC Comics as an assistant editor hired to assist Len Wein and Marv Wolfman. Greenberger was promoted to editor, being assigned the titles Star Trek, Suicide Squad and Doom Patrol. Under his editorship the DC Comics adaptation of Star Trek: The Motion Picture was released, and Greenberger became involved with the Star Trek franchise, authoring a number of novels and stories set within the Star Trek universe. He worked at DC until 2000, having risen to the position of Manager-Editorial Operations. During this time, he worked on such titles as Warlord, Lois Lane, Action Comics Weekly, Time Masters, Secret Origins, The Hacker Files and others.
Greenberger left DC in 2000 and joined the online company Gist Communications. This break with the comics industry lasted until 2001, when he joined Marvel Comics as Director-Publishing Operations. Greenberger was hired to work under Joe Quesada, but was let go during a tumultuous reorganization overseen by Bill Jemas. He soon rejoined DC Comics as a Senior Editor for Collected Editions, but was let go from his position in 2006 after a reorganisation at DC and also after a publishing error which saw copies of the Golden Age Hawkman Archives printed with pages in the incorrect order. His firing was criticised by comic book writers Peter David and Christopher Priest.
Bob Greenberger in the Grand Comics Database:
Will Meugniot in the Grand Comics Database:
Von Eeden's comic book career began at age 16, when DC Comics editor Jack C. Harris hired him to illustrate prototype assignments with the Legion of Super-Heroes and Weird War Tales. Soon after, Von Eeden was officially hired to design and draw the company's first African-American superhero to have his own title, Black Lightning.
About four years later, Von Eeden began to suspect he had gotten that job because of his skin color, which displeased him and resulted in his writing what he called a five-page mission statement that said "in detail exactly what I wanted to create — the kind of style I thought would express myself most effectively, while also telling a story in the most dramatic way possible. I wrote everything down that I could think of — the details, form, and purpose of the style of art that I'd wanted to create."
Other comic-book titles on which Von Eeden worked during the 1980s included Black Canary and Batman for DC Comics, and Power Man and Iron Fist for Marvel Comics. In 1983 Von Eeden illustrated the first eight issues of the DC miniseries Thriller, an action-adventure story that allowed him room to experiment. He also penciled a four-issue Green Arrow miniseries. He and writer Jack C. Harris proposed to DC an all-female superteam named the Power Squad, but were turned down.
In 2001 Von Eeden returned to Batman, penciling the five-issue storyline "Grimm" in Batman: Legends of the Dark Knight #149-153.
Trevor Von Eeden in the Grand Comics Database:
She broke into the comic book industry when still a teenager, scouted by Tom Long for his fanzine Graphic Showcase. Long hired Doran to draw a revival of the 1940s character Miss Fury. Underage Doran quit the assignment due to its adult content.
A Distant Soil was published in fanzines as early as 1979, then by The Donning Company before it was contracted by WaRP Graphics. Doran left the company after nine issues due to an acrimonious dispute with WaRP, which attempted to claim copyright and trademark on her work. The WaRP version of the story has never been reprinted.
After leaving WaRP, Doran discarded the 300 pages of published work, and rewrote and redrew the entire A Distant Soil story from scratch: it is in multiple printings as a series of graphic novels, encompassing a single 1000 page long-form comics narrative, and has been published by Image Comics since 1996. It sold more than 700,000 copies. The production archives were destroyed by the printer, and an extensive restoration process brought the book back to publication in April 2013, with a continuation of the comic series, and the first of its digitally restored print graphic novels and digital books appearing in July 2013.
Colleen Doran in the Grand Comics Database:
1 million English storiesWhile our international content is steadily growing, we reached for English language stories an even big number: 1 million story sequences!
100,000 Norwegian storiesNorwegian is the second language to reach 100,000 stories!
Take a look at our international statistics to see what else the GCD's been up to.
New Features for BrandsWe recently deployed changes in our handling of brands. Like before we store for each issue which emblem of a brand is used. New is the grouping of different emblems together into one brand group. For example, see the brand group for DC, which collects all the different emblems used over time by DC.
Publisher's Age GuidelinesAt the same time we also introduced a new field recording any age designations or ratings that are supplied by the publisher on a comic.
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3,966 indicia publishers
35,750 variant issues
200,229 issue indexes