(August-September 1947)

DC, 1940 Series
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Volume:
?
Price:
0.10 USD
Pages:
52
Indicia frequency:
?
Indicia / Colophon Publisher:
National Comics Publications, Inc.
Brand:
A Superman DC Publication
Editing:
Sheldon Mayer (Editorial Director); Julius Schwartz (story editor)
Color:
Color
Dimensions:
Standard Golden Age U. S.
Paper Stock:
Glossy cover; Newsprint interior
Binding:
Saddle-stitched
Publishing Format:
Was Ongoing Series

Issue Notes

Scripter Gardner Fox reports writing and being paid for the unpublished JSA tale, "The Men of Magnifica," in November of 1945, he believes for All-Star #38. Clearly, the basic structure and other elements of that story are found in the "5 Drowned Men." Thus this issue's story is most likely a drastically revised script by Julius Schwartz, with some re-writing by Robert Kanigher, of that story.

All credits, notes, and synopses added by Craig Delich.


["5 Drowned Men!"] (Table of Contents)

The Justice Society of America / cover / 1 page (report information)

Pencils:
Irwin Hasen (see notes section)
Inks:
Irwin Hasen (see notes section)
Colors:
?
Letters:
?

Genre:
superhero
Characters:
Justice Society of America [Dr. Mid-Nite [Dr. Charles McNider]; Wonder Woman [Diana Prince]; Superman [Clark Kent]; Batman [Bruce Wayne]; Hawkman [Carter Hall]; Green Lantern [Alan Scott]; The Flash [Jay Garrick]]
Reprints:
Reprint Note before Migration:
  • in All Star Comics Archives (DC, 1991 series) #8
Keywords:
Goldem Lasso

Indexer Notes

The cover was done by Irwin Hasen (as confirmed by Hasen to Dr. Jeff McLaughlin) using various source material. The figures of Green Lantern, Wonder Woman and Dr. Mid-Nite seem to be Hasen figures, the Flash figure seems to be a paste-up of a Lee Elias figure, Hawkman is a photostat or paste-up of a Joe Kubert figure, while Superman and Batman appear to be by Hasen, possibly re-touched by John Belfi to give them the look of those done by Wayne Boring and Win Mortimer.

Story title taken from the story itself.

[5 Drowned Men (All-Star Comics Prologue)] (Table of Contents)

The Justice Society of America / comic story / 3 pages (report information)

Script:
Gardner F. Fox (original plot); Sheldon Mayer (original plot); Julius Schwartz; Robert Kanigher ?
Pencils:
Irwin Hasen [as Hasen] (signed)
Inks:
Irwin Hasen [as Hasen] (signed)
Colors:
?
Letters:
?

Genre:
superhero
Characters:
Justice Society of America [Superman [Clark Kent] (inset, Honorary Member); Batman [Bruce Wayne] (inset, Honorary Member); The Flash [Jay Garrick] (inset); Green Lantern [Alan Scott] (inset); Dr. Mid-Nite [Dr. Charles McNider] (inset); Hawkman [Carter Hall] (inset); Wonder Woman [Diana Prince] (inset)]; Ed Findley (private detective); Mat Matwell (reporter); Saul Philpotts (scientist); Archie Erdner (archaeologist); Ben Stanley (architect); Calvin Stymes (villain)
Synopsis:
Calvin Stymes invites five lifelong friends and fraternity brothers out to a western ranch, and, as they sit around the campfire, he recounts the legend of the dried-out streambed they were camping in. Called Koehaha, or "Stream of Ruthlessness", it runs once every 100 years. Strangely, those who "drown" in it doesn't really die, but neither does he come back to life, for the water washes away a man's better nature and replaces it with a ruthless nature. Each man explains what he might do with a criminal nature, then they go to bed. Stymes moves onto the river bank while the others drown.
Reprints:
Reprint Note before Migration:
  • in DC Special Blue Ribbon Digest (DC, 1980 series) #3 (July-August 1980)
  • in All Star Comics Archives (DC, 1991 series) #8
Keywords:
Koehaha

Indexer Notes

This is the second JSA story featuring Superman and Batman together since issue #7, where they had minor roles. The inset heads of the JSAers on page 1 are paste-ups by the heros' solo artists (the same head shots of Flash, Hawkman, Green Lantern and Dr. Mid-Nite will be used on the Junior JSA certificate advertised beginning in All-Star #37). The prologue was probably re-written from the Fox script by Schwartz from what was intended to be an interlude found later in the issue, which accounts for it having no title, and displaced the real opening to the book, now found as the introduction, with the usual JSA meeting.

5 Drowned Men! (introduction) (Table of Contents)

The Justice Society of America / comic story / 4 pages (report information)

Script:
Gardner F. Fox (original plot); Sheldon Mayer (original plot); Julius Schwartz; Robert Kanigher
Pencils:
Irwin Hasen
Inks:
Irwin Hasen
Colors:
?
Letters:
?

Genre:
superhero
Characters:
Justice Society of America [Hawkman [Carter Hall]; Green Lantern [Alan Scott]; Wonder Woman [Diana Prince] (JSA Secretary); The Flash [Jay Garrick]; Dr. Mid-Nite [Dr. Charles McNider]; Superman Clark Kent] (Honorary member); Batman [Brice Wayne] (Honorary member)]
Synopsis:
Three days later, the JSA meets in emergency session due to a rash of strange and explosive new crimes, but they discover that two of their members, the Atom and Johnny Thunder, can't participate. Johnny asks JSA honorary member, Superman, to take his place, and the Batman has just come from the bedside of injured Al Pratt.

Wonder Woman reads an anonymous letter to the members stating the crimes has been done by five respected professionals listed. While GL sets out to find Stymes, the others will try to locate the others.
Reprints:
Reprint Note before Migration:
  • in DC Special Blue Ribbon Digest (DC, 1980 series) #3 (July-August 1980)
  • in All Star Comics Archives (DC, 1991 series) #8
Keywords:
Mental Radio

Indexer Notes

Bruce Wayne must obviously know the Atom's secret ID if Al Pratt couldn't attend the meeting, a fact confirmed by Green Lantern's dialogue, and an anomaly. The roll call found on the splash page was obviously photostated from that found in All-Star #35, which featured Johnny Thunder and Atom. Clearly the introduction is a re-write and was perhaps drawn later than the prologue, possibly after it was decided to insert Superman and Batman.

Wonder Woman gives each member a miniature Mental Radio from Paradise Island in order to keep incontact with them.

5 Drowned Men! (Chapter 1) (Table of Contents)

The Justice Society of America / comic story / 5 pages (report information)

Script:
Gardner F. Fox (original plot); Sheldon Mayer (original plot); Julius Schwartz; Robert Kanigher
Pencils:
Irwin Hasen
Inks:
Irwin Hasen; John Belfi ? (see notes)
Colors:
?
Letters:
?

Genre:
superhero
Characters:
The Batman [Bruce Wayne]; Mr. Ardman; Mrs. Ardman; The Grim Marauder [Ed Findley] (villain)
Synopsis:
Batman heads for the town of Zenith, where Ed Findley lives and who has been hired at the Ardman party to protect Mrs. Ardman's set of matched black pearls. When the Grim Marauder appears and snatches the pearls, Wayne changes to Batman and chases after the villain to his office, where Batman is captured. But he frees himself, rushes upstairs, and catches Findley at his desk and captures him, only to get a mental radio message from Wonder Woman to bring Findley with him back to JSA HQ.
Reprints:
Reprint Note before Migration:
  • in DC Special Blue Ribbon Digest (DC, 1980 series) #3 (July-August 1980)
  • in All Star Comics Archives (DC, 1991 series) #8
Keywords:
Zenith; Zenith Bank

Indexer Notes

Batman substitutes for the Atom, suggesting that this chapter must have been originally written by Fox for the Atom, as Batman does nothing usually associated with him in his own adventures. The opening dialogue box ends with "The Mighty Batman," would could have very well been re-written from "The Mighty Atom!" Hasen did NOT entirely ink this chapter --- either a production staffer or another artist (probably John Belfi) touched up some of the Batman and Bruce Wayne figures to give them the look of the Batman artist of the time, Win Mortimer.

5 Drowned Men! (Chapter 2) (Table of Contents)

The Justice Society of America / comic story / 5 pages (report information)

Script:
Gardner F. Fox (original plot); Sheldon Mayer (original plot); Julius Schwartz; Robert Kanigher
Pencils:
Lee Elias
Inks:
Lee Elias
Colors:
?
Letters:
?

Genre:
superhero
Characters:
The Flash [Jay Garrick]; Rex Gardin [aka Gale] (political candidate, Luke Gale's brother); Mr. X [Mat Matwell] (villain); Luke Gale (villain, murderer, death, image only)
Synopsis:
At a political rally in Snow City, home of reporter Mat Matwell, pictures are being shown of Governor-candidate Rex Gardin when suddenly, a picture comes up, showing Gardin posing with an executed murderer. Later, Gardin gets a blackmail call, telling him to bring $10,000 to Snow Mountain. The Flash follows him, is briefly captured with Gardin by Mr. X, then captures the villain. Just then, Flash receives a mental message from Wonder Woman, explaining how the situation has changed and to bring Mr. X, Mat Matwell, back to JSA HQ.
Reprints:
Reprint Note before Migration:
  • in DC Special Blue Ribbon Digest (DC, 1980 series) #3 (July-August 1980)
  • in All Star Comics Archives (DC, 1991 series) #8
Keywords:
Snow City; Snow Mountain

Indexer Notes

Story editor Julius Schwartz recalls asking Bob Kanigher to re-write this chapter as it just didn't sit right with him, as confirmed by Julius Schwartz in a letter sent to Jerry Bails. It is strongly believed that this chapter was to be the lead-in for the prologue, as Mayer and Fox would have arranged it that way, but Schwartz decided to do the book differently, with the prologue coming first, so the Flash chapter HAD to be re-written.

5 Drowned Men! (Chapter 3) (Table of Contents)

The Justice Society of America / comic story / 5 pages (report information)

Script:
Gardner F. Fox (original plot); Sheldon Mayer (original plot); Julius Schwartz; Robert Kanigher
Pencils:
Joe Kubert [as J. Kubert] (signed)
Inks:
Joe Kubert [as J. Kubert] (signed)
Colors:
?
Letters:
?
Job Number:
AS 36

Genre:
superhero
Characters:
Hawkman [Carter Hall]; Wonder Woman [Diana Prince] (cameo); Professor Alvin Doty (archaeologist); The Black Rider [Archie Erdner] (villain)
Synopsis:
Professor Doty, having just uncovered the Temple of Tlaloc of the ancient Aztecs, is set upon by the Black Rider, who gets the location of the temple, and he and his gang go to loot it. Hawkman comes on the scene, and, after a brief battle, is knocked out by the Rider, and he and the professor are tied to a sacrifice table, but manage to escape.

Hawkman goes after the Rider, comes face to face with Archie Erdner with a gun, but overpowers him. As Hawkman tries to figure out what to do, he receives a mental message from Wonder Woman, asking him to bring Erdner back to HQ with him.
Reprints:
Reprint Note before Migration:
  • in DC Special Blue Ribbon Digest (DC, 1980 series) #3 (July-August 1980)
  • in All Star Comics Archives (DC, 1991 series) #8
Keywords:
Aztecs; New Mexico; Temple of Tlaloc

Indexer Notes

The Wonder Woman figure on the last page is a paste-up drawn by Irwin Hasen.

5 Drowned Men! (Chapter 4) (Table of Contents)

The Justice Society of America / comic story / 4 pages (report information)

Script:
Gardner F. Fox (original plot); Sheldon Mayer (original plot); Julius Schwartz; Robert Kanigher
Pencils:
Frank Harry
Inks:
Frank Harry
Colors:
?
Letters:
?

Genre:
superhero
Characters:
Dr. Mid-Nite [Dr. Charles McNider]; un-named bank President; un-named Police Commissioner; Professor Saul Philpotts (villain); Calvin Stymes (villain)
Synopsis:
In an eastern bank, a bank teller is amazed to see bags of gold floating out of the vault and out the window! Dr. Mid-Nite is informed of the strange event and two others like it by the bank officials, who think an invisible gang is at work. But he thinks otherwise and asks to borrow a gold coin to use as bait for a future crime. The coin suddenly begins to fly away, but Mid-Nite holds on for dear life and follows it to Philpott's lab. A stuttering man saves Dr. Mid-Nite, who then receives a mental message from Wonder Woman, and he takes Philpotts back to JSA HQ.
Reprints:
Reprint Note before Migration:
  • in DC Special Blue Ribbon Digest (DC, 1980 series) #3 (July-August 1980)
  • in All Star Comics Archives (DC, 1991 series) #8
Keywords:
Gold-Magnet

Indexer Notes

The numbering on page 4 is totally different from that found on the first three pages, which may indicate that this chapter was originally five pages long and was cut down during the re-writing. The final tier on page four appears to be a crude re-inking and has different lettering than the top two tiers.

5 Drowned Men! (Chapter 5) (Table of Contents)

The Justice Society of America / comic story / 4 pages (report information)

Script:
Gardner F. Fox (original plot); Sheldon Mayer (original plot); Julius Schwartz; Robert Kanigher
Pencils:
Irwin Hasen
Inks:
Irwin Hasen
Colors:
?
Letters:
?

Genre:
superhero
Characters:
Superman [Clark Kent]; Hanson Laping (cameo); The Wrecker [Ben Stanley] (villain); The Wrecker's Gang (villains); Calvin Stymes (villain)
Synopsis:
Superman heads to Centropolis to try and stop the mysterious Wrecker from blowing up one of Stanley's famous skyscrapers, fails, and then rebuilds it in the blink of an eye. Stymes appears and gives Superman a note and says the building's architect is responsible for the exposion.

The Man of Tomorrow locates Stanley lightning some dynamite, which Superman puts out. The Wrecker and his thugs then attack the Man of Steel, before Superman subdues them.....then he gets a mental message from Wonder Woman to report back to JSA HQ with his captive.
Reprints:
Reprint Note before Migration:
  • in DC Special Blue Ribbon Digest (DC, 1980 series) #3 (July-August 1980)
  • in All Star Comics Archives (DC, 1991 series) #8
Keywords:
Centropolis; Daily Record; Merton Trust Company; X-Ray Vision

Indexer Notes

Superman substitutes for Johnny Thunder, which indicates this chapter was most likely written for Johnny, whose Thunderbolt could have easily done the feats Superman did.

5 Drowned Men! (interlude) (Table of Contents)

The Justice Society of America / comic story / 1 page (report information)

Script:
Gardner F. Fox (original plot); Sheldon Mayer (original plot); Julius Schwartz; Robert Kanigher
Pencils:
Irwin Hasen
Inks:
Irwin Hasen; John Belfi ?
Colors:
?
Letters:
?

Genre:
superhero
Characters:
Justice Society of America [Superman [Clark Kent] (Honorary member); Wonder Woman [Diana Prince]; Green Lantern [Alan Scott]; Batman [Bruce Wayne] (Honorary member); Dr. Mid-Nite [Dr. Charles McNider] (cameo); Hawkman [Carter Hall] (cameo); The Flash [Jay Garrick]]; Ben Stanley; Ed Findley; Mat Matwell; Archie Erdner; Saul Philpotts
Synopsis:
Superman brings in Stanley, at Wonder Woman's request, and he is ushered together with the other four men brought in by the other JSA members. Locking them into a room, Wonder Woman announces that all five of them are in terrible danger due to what Green Lantern discovered, that discovery leading the Amazon Princess to change the plans the JSA had originally made. So, as the members sit around their meeting table, G.L. begins to tell the story of his search for the sixth man of the hunting party, whose body was never recovered: Calvin Stymes!
Reprints:
Reprint Note before Migration:
  • in DC Special Blue Ribbon Digest (DC, 1980 series) #3 (July-August 1980)
  • in All Star Comics Archives (DC, 1991 series) #8
Keywords:
Golden Lasso

Indexer Notes

During the time period that Fox may have written this story, the use of interludes in JSA tales was not all that uncommon. Even though this page is numbered "5," I believe the page was actually an interlude page to bridge the preceeding chapters and Green Lantern's chapter. The page also features several unusual situations, one of which is that Wonder Woman does not cast a shadow on the wall, nor the table between her and Hawkman. In addition, Hawkman's right wing has no shadow and the left wing's shape does not match the shadow on the wall, nor does Hawkman's helmet and wings. It is apparent that the Hawkman figure (most likely by Joe Kubert) was pasted onto the last panel over Hasen's original figure, even though the touch-up artist, whom I believe to be John Belfi, did not touch-up the helmeted head of Hawkman on the wall, which clearly shows Hasen's art. The wings on Hawkman have been re-touched, and are cut off by lots of black ink, which I believe blot out the shadows of Atom and Johnny Thunder on the wall, allowing easy insertion of Superman's and Batman's figures. For all these reasons, I believe that the last panel was part of the original story's art that was re-touched and figures added, and the page numbered from a lettered page.

No Help Wanted (Table of Contents)

text story / 2 pages (report information)

Script:
Ted Udall [as Charles King] (signed)
Pencils:
? (illustrations)
Inks:
? (illustrations)
Colors:
?
Letters:
typeset

Genre:
adventure

Indexer Notes

This text story was NOT reprinted in the Archive.

Writer addition by Craig Delich. Udall wrote such text stories, under this pen name, from 1946-49 and is verified by the Who's Who.

[no title indexed] (Table of Contents)

Ton o' Fun / filler / 0.5 page (report information)

Script:
Harry Lampert (signed)
Pencils:
Harry Lampert (signed)
Inks:
Harry Lampert (signed)
Colors:
?
Letters:
Harry Lampert

Genre:
humor

Indexer Notes

This filler was NOT reprinted in the Archive.

Letterer credit by Craig Delich.

[The First Shower Bath] (Table of Contents)

Rockhead McWizzard / comic story / 3 pages (report information)

Script:
Jack Farr
Pencils:
Jack Farr
Inks:
Jack Farr
Colors:
?
Letters:
Jack Farr

Genre:
humor
Characters:
Rockhead McWizzard

Indexer Notes

Credits from Craig Delich.

This filler was NOT reprinted in the Archive.

5 Drowned Men! (Chapter 6) (Table of Contents)

The Justice Society of America / comic story / 4 pages (report information)

Script:
Gardner F. Fox (original plot); Sheldon Mayer (original plot); Julius Schwartz; Robert Kanigher
Pencils:
Irwin Hasen
Inks:
Irwin Hasen
Colors:
?
Letters:
?
Job Number:
AS 36

Genre:
superhero
Characters:
Green Lantern [Alan Scott]; Hawkman [Carter Hall] (cameo); The Stuttering Man [Calvin Stymes] (villain)
Synopsis:
In Midville, home of Calvin Stymes, GL sees someone taking mail from Styme's mailbox, and follows him. G.L. enters an isolated log cabin, and a mysterious figure hits him over the head with a club. As Green Lantern recovers, he finds himself tied in front of a fireplace, with a shotgun aimed at him by Stymes, who tells him the story of why he hates the other five so much.

After patiently listening to the story, G.L. uses his ring to melt the shotgun and free himself, but not before Stymes makes his escape.....so he reports to Hawkman, who now knows the identity of the stuttering man.
Reprints:
Reprint Note before Migration:
  • in DC Special Blue Ribbon Digest (DC, 1980 series) #3 (July-August 1980)
  • in All Star Comics Archives (DC, 1991 series) #8
Keywords:
Milville

Indexer Notes

Another anomaly has this chapter beginning: "Who is the stuttering man...."? The reader has known all along as he was introduced in the prologue, which indicates that this opening panel of this chapter HAD to come later than the original placement of the prologue. It is believed that the prologue, latter part of the GL chapter, and page 5 of the Superman story were ALL part of the original long interlude Fox wrote, and Schwartz cut it up, pasted here and there and re-wrote panels of both the prologue and this chapter featuring Green Lantern to accomodate this change. The name of the college in Fox's original tale was Magnifica.

Page correction by Craig Delich.

5 Drowned Men! (conclusion) (Table of Contents)

The Justice Society of America / comic story / 2 pages (report information)

Script:
Gardner F. Fox (original plot); Sheldon Mayer (original plot); Julius Schwartz; Robert Kanigher
Pencils:
Irwin Hasen
Inks:
Irwin Hasen
Colors:
?
Letters:
?

Genre:
superhero
Characters:
Justice Society of America [Batman [Bruice Wayne] (Honorary member); Dr. Mid-Nite [Dr. Charles McNider]; The Flash [Jay Garrick]; Hawkman [Carter Hall]; Superman [Clark Kent] (Honorary member); Green Lantern [Alan Scott]; Wonder Woman [Diana Prince]]; The Stuttering Man [Calvin Stymes] (villain, death); Ben Stanley (villain, reforms); Mat Matwell (villain, reforms); Archie Erdner (villain, reforms); Saul Philpotts (villain, reforms); Ed Findley (villain, reforms)
Synopsis:
The JSA enters the locked room in which Wonder Woman had locked the five friends of Stymes, only to discover they had escaped through a window. Knowing that Stymes is loose and is out to kill them, Wonder Woman vows that the JSA must find them. GL's Power Ring traces the men to Koehaha, to which they must return to drink from, and where Stymes plans to kill them. He sets off dynamite, but the JSA saves them, but the explosion costs Stymes his life. Then Superman uses his strength to push a giant mountain of rock into the stream so that it will never run again.
Reprints:
Reprint Note before Migration:
  • in DC Special Blue Ribbon Digest (DC, 1980 series) #3 (July-August 1980)
  • in All Star Comics Archives (DC, 1991 series) #8
Keywords:
Koehaha; Power Ring
Editing

Table of Contents

  1. 0. ["5 Drowned Men!"]
    The Justice Society of America
  2. 1. [5 Drowned Men (All-Star Comics Prologue)]
    The Justice Society of America
  3. 2. 5 Drowned Men! (introduction)
    The Justice Society of America
  4. 3. 5 Drowned Men! (Chapter 1)
    The Justice Society of America
  5. 4. 5 Drowned Men! (Chapter 2)
    The Justice Society of America
  6. 5. 5 Drowned Men! (Chapter 3)
    The Justice Society of America
  7. 6. 5 Drowned Men! (Chapter 4)
    The Justice Society of America
  8. 7. 5 Drowned Men! (Chapter 5)
    The Justice Society of America
  9. 8. 5 Drowned Men! (interlude)
    The Justice Society of America
  10. 9. No Help Wanted
  11. 10. [no title indexed]
    Ton o' Fun
  12. 11. [The First Shower Bath]
    Rockhead McWizzard
  13. 12. 5 Drowned Men! (Chapter 6)
    The Justice Society of America
  14. 13. 5 Drowned Men! (conclusion)
    The Justice Society of America
This issue was most recently modified by:
  • Jim Van Dore
  • Craig Delich
  • Per Sandell
  • Sergei Alderman
Issues in this series have been indexed by:
  • Jon Ingersoll