Born: 1853 March 5 in Wilmington, Delaware, United States
Died: 1911 November 9 in Florence, Tuscany, Italy
Biography: Howard Pyle was an American illustrator and author. A native of Wilmington, Delaware, he spent the last year of his life and died in Florence, Italy. A teacher at the Drexel Institute of Art, Science, and Industry, then he founded his own school named the Howard Pyle School of Illustration Art. His principal work is The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood, and his other books frequently have medieval European settings, including a four-volume set on King Arthur. His illustrations of pirates are also well known, and the looks on them has become the modern stereotype of pirate dress. His first novel Otto of the Silver Hand was published in 1888. He also has illustrations on periodicals such as Harper's Magazine and St. Nicholas Magazine. His novel Men of Iron was adapted as the movie The Black Shield of Falworth. Pyle travelled to Florence, Italy to study mural painting, and died there in 1911 of a sudden kidney infection (Bright's disease).